NATURE TOURISM IN COLOMBIA
THE OPPORTUNITY OF LIFE FOR A NATURALIST,
Travel between diversity and complexity of our ecosystems
By: Cesar Augusto Angel Valencia General manager Nature Trips Colombia
The planet Earth is a beautiful place, where animals and plants are a wonderful sign of life. More than 5,400 mammals, over 10,000 birds, 10,000 reptiles, amphibians over 7,300, 950,000 insects and more than 310,000 species of plants live together on this ship around the sun.
But, did you know that most of this immense diversity of life, can only be seen in 12 countries, which are considered mega-diverse nations?
Between 60-70% of the world’s species are concentrated in Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Congo (DR Congo), Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico and Peru. Unfortunately, in many of them, the risk of destruction of habitats and extinction is quite high.
Colombia, a country with two oceans, three branches of the Andes mountain range in excess of 5000 m elevations, staying at altitudes above the tree line one of the most emblematic ecosystems, the moor, extremely vulnerable to the phenomena of environmental change and of great importance to society; in this bioregion glaciers, volcanoes, plateaus and sheets are observed in addition to fertile valleys; Amazonian with two different life zones, the lower zone rainforest, among the 80 and 1000 m, and montane forest between 1000 and 3400 m; biogeographic choco, renowned worldwide for its tropical rainforest, with high species diversity and endemism; Orinoco with its natural savannas and gallery forest, where wetlands and flood large areas play a central role and has high species richness of freshwater fish; the plains of the Caribbean, where a mosaic of savannas, dry forests and extensive wetland complexes, the desert of La Guajira, the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, the highest mountain in the world is seen by the sea, where a variety of concentrates fascinating ecosystems and beautiful islands in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, where you can visit the main strategic coastal marine ecosystems of Colombia, coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, rocky shores, beaches, estuaries and new acquaintances reefs depth, which are the main sources of life and productivity in the coastal areas of the country where their intrinsic and exuberant biodiversity has been the livelihood of human communities since time immemorial (INVEMAR, 2013). We have immense water sources such as rivers, creeks, streams, lakes, marshes and wetlands, as well as some of the wettest areas of the world. We are a tropical country, and during a trip to Colombia you can visit places ranging from the seashore to high mountains which you can enjoy in one country of immense diversity of landscapes and a variety of climates (hot, temperate, cold and very cold).
In general, are close to 54 871 recorded species, of different biological groups According to biodiversity information system of Colombia, the country has, with 479 mammals, 1,889 birds, 571 reptiles, 763 amphibians, 2,000 marine fish, 1,533 fish freshwater, 167 migratory birds, 3,274 butterflies, 900 ants, 2,250 sea mollusks, 650 land snails, beetles 7,000, 109 arachnids, decapod 688, 398 bees. In fact an estimated 300,000 species of invertebrates are known for now only between 10-20%. In plants, simply tour the country to marvel at the changes in vegetation and this is possible because we have 1,643 ferns and others, 262 species of palms, orchids 4,010, 45 flowerless plants, mosses and related 1,636 and lovers shapes and color, 22,840 flowering plants. Life is also expressed in a unique way, with 1,674 lichens, fungi 1,239, and 405 rusts and charcoal.
All this happens in the 32 terrestrial biomes and 311 types of ecosystems, where natural forests account for more than half of terrestrial animal and plant species, 53% of the continental territory. The moors are 2% of the Colombian territory.
WE ARE THE FIRST. A great responsibility!
The world record has approximately 3,401 species of birds, of which Colombia is 1,889, of which 66 are exclusive also have more orchids than any other place on the planet (4,010), of which only 1,543 can be seen in the country. Also unique to the country, 1,500 plants, 367 amphibians, 115 reptiles and 34 mammals.
Discover the Colombian nature, the heritage we can not lose, traveling with Nature Trips Colombia, understand its richness and fragility, value it and understand the importance of their protection and conservation.